Honorius was born to Theodosius and Aelia Flaccilla in 384 and
inherited the western part of the empire on his father's death (with the eastern
half going to his elder brother Arcadius). During his lifetime Honorius
witnessed wave after wave of barbarian invasions, each one more devastating than
the previous one. In 404 he moved the imperial palace to a fortress in Ravenna.
On cue, Rome was then sacked in 410 by the barbarian forces under the command of
Alaric; a first in over 800 years. The Vandals would seize Northern Africa
(Italy's bread basket) and various usurpers, most importantly Constantine III,
sliced off huge sections of what remained of the Western empire for themselves.
In the face of all these military and political catastrophes, Honorius was
helpless and he never personally led any armies to counter the invasions and
revolts. Still, against all odds, he managed to somewhat stabilize his dwindling
domains by diplomatic means with the barbarians and by military action with the
help of Constantius III against the usurpers. But he died in 423 leaving the
empire significantly weaker and much smaller than when he became emperor.
Obv-DNHONORI-VSPFAVG Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Star behind head.
Rev-GLORIA-ROMA-NORVM Two soldiers standing each holding a spear and shield.